Generically Yours

Do you know what genericide is? It’s when a once lofty brand name — a market leader — becomes so comfortable on the tongues of consumers that they start using it as a noun, and the mark itself loses its legal power to define the brand. The public appropriates the name for itself, and competitors start using the name as if it were a found object rather than a creation from the mind of man. Sounds a bit silly, doesn’t it? But for those of you who are not initiates into the mysteries of intellectual property law, here’s a sampling of trademarks who ruled the market in their heyday and are now no more.

Aspirin— originally a trademark of Bayer AG for a type of salicylic acid made from willow bark
Cellophane — originally a trademark of DuPont
Dry Ice — originally a trademark by Dry Ice Corporation of America
Escalator — originally a trademark of the Otis Elevator Company
Kerosene — originally trademarked by Abraham Gesner
Mimeograph — originally trademarked by Albert Dick
Thermos — originally a trademark of Thermos GmbH
Touch-Tone — originally a trademark of AT&T
Trampoline — originally trademarked by George Nisse
Videotape — originally a trademark of Ampex Corporation
Yo-Yo — originally a trademark of Duncan Yo-Yo Company
Zipper — originally a trademark of B.F. Goodrich

Are you shocked? Did you grow up using these words as common nouns, thinking that Adam had called them out by name when he named the fish and fowl and beasts of the field? Or did you — like virtually everyone else in the world — merely take them at face value and never give them a passing thought? Now that I’ve focused your attention, let me throw some other words your way, and you tell me whether they are still trademarked or have become part of the common lexicon:

Band-Aid
Bubble Wrap
Crock-Pot
Formica
Frisbee
Hula Hoop
Jacuzzi
Jeep
Ping Pong
Polaroid
Popsicle
Q-tips
Sharpie
Styrofoam
Vaseline
Velcro
Walkie-Talkie
Xerox

Can I tell you I jumped out of bed and swallowed two aspirin, zipped up my zipper and grabbed a thermos of coffee before driving off in my jeep to xerox a box of documents and fedex them to Chicago before the big hula hoop party at the escalator company? Can I relax in my jacuzzi afterwards with a big styrofoam cup of Coke without having to slap a big ® symbol on everything?

What do you think?

11 comments

  1. Chris Barts says:

    ‘Heroin’ was a trademark as well, once. It was owned by Bayer, the same company that owned ‘Aspirin’ back before it became generic.

    (Side note: Heroin was invented to be an opioid with the pain-relieving qualities of morphine without the addictive potential. It was marketed as a headache remedy.)

  2. I found this enlivening, informative and very interesting. Word of mouth advertising and being inundated and bombarded with ads and commercials, drums these legends into our little brains.

    Well written. Tap me on the shoulder (shout box or on my wall) every now and again so I will make return visits. Thanks.

  3. Anji says:

    Then there are the verbs.. hoovering is one I use most days unfortunately.

    At least brand names entering the general vocabulary is a sign of success

    • One would think companies would be happier to meet such success (as opposed to fading away from obsolescence), but they go nuclear over the idea of losing any rights. Hence McDonald’s oppression of anyone trying to sell McAnything.

  4. This is a really cool, informative and well-written blog. I just ran across it on EYB and read every post on the front page. BTW, I have read Preston’s Book of the Dead and it’s really good. I am a big fan of just about anything he and/or Child publish.

  5. Jo Bryant says:

    I really enjoyed this post – and a few other I have found while exploring your blog. Thanks for all the information, and the great way you put it…
    🙂

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